circmoment¶

astropy.stats.
circmoment
(data, p=1.0, centered=False, axis=None, weights=None)[source]¶ Computes the
p
th trigonometric circular moment for an array of circular data. Parameters
 data
ndarray
orQuantity
Array of circular (directional) data, which is assumed to be in radians whenever
data
isnumpy.ndarray
. p
float
, optional Order of the circular moment.
 centeredbool, optional
If
True
, central circular moments are computed. Default value isFalse
. axis
int
, optional Axis along which circular moments are computed. The default is to compute the circular moment of the flattened array.
 weights
numpy.ndarray
, optional In case of grouped data, the ith element of
weights
represents a weighting factor for each group such thatsum(weights, axis)
equals the number of observations. See [1], remark 1.4, page 22, for detailed explanation.
 data
 Returns
References
 1
S. R. Jammalamadaka, A. SenGupta. “Topics in Circular Statistics”. Series on Multivariate Analysis, Vol. 5, 2001.
 2
C. Agostinelli, U. Lund. “Circular Statistics from ‘Topics in Circular Statistics (2001)’”. 2015. <https://cran.rproject.org/web/packages/CircStats/CircStats.pdf>
Examples
>>> import numpy as np >>> from astropy.stats import circmoment >>> from astropy import units as u >>> data = np.array([51, 67, 40, 109, 31, 358])*u.deg >>> circmoment(data, p=2) (<Quantity 90.99263082432564 deg>, <Quantity 0.48004283892950717>)